member_nations

History of Cheerleading

Prior to 1898

Setting the stage for Cheerleading

The history of cheerleading is closely tied to the history of sports in the United States (i.e. American Football, Basketball and even Rugby), its sporting venues, as well as the historical development of overall crowd participation at many athletic events.  

The first American Football university/college game, the initial sporting environment to witness the birth of cheerleading, was held in 1869 between Princeton University and host school Rutgers University located in Piscataway, New Jersey, Northeastern USA; setting the stage for cheerleading to begin.  

By the 1880s, Princeton University’s American Football sporting game atmosphere led to Princeton’s students forming an all-male student “pep club” to lead “cheers” (unified chants and yells) in order to provide support to their team, as well as create a high energy sport environment.  Cheers such as “Rah, Rah, Ray! Tiger, Tiger, Sis, Sis, Sis! Boom, Boom, Boom!  Aaaaah! Princeton, Princeton, Princeton!” were commonly yelled from the seats of Princeton University’s American Football stadium as a method to motivate their team on to victory.  

In 1884, one of Princeton University’s graduated students, Thomas Peebles, moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA (North Central USA), and introduced the Princeton “pep club” and “cheer” concept to the students of the University of Minnesota with great success at their American football games.   

In the very same year, two University of Minnesota rugby players John W. Adams and Win Sargent created a “team yell” (SKI-YOU-MAH) to also help inspire their rugby team.  Both rugby players decided to use the word “Ski”, a native America Sioux battle cry meaning victory, and they also added their own word “U-Mah” as a sound representing the University of Minnesota which also rhymes with “rah-rah-rah” to form a team cheer.  Their “yell” became popular throughout the University, and would soon be instrumental to a student named Johnny Campbell credited with inventing what is known today as cheerleading.

By 1889 stadium pep clubs, cheers, school yells, and even school “fight songs” continued to develop in many schools & universities around the USA to inspire their sport fans.  Consequently in late October 1898, the University of Minnesota’s American Football team had suffered 3 straight game losses, the university student body and student newspaper editorial made the following plea to their students, “Any plan that would stir up enthusiasm for athletics would be helpful” for their final game of the season versus rival school Northwestern University from the Chicago area.

 

Basketball / 3x3 Basketball

Sport:  Basketball / 3x3 Basketball

Origin:  U.S.A.

International Federation:   Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA) www.fiba.com 

Countries:  Two Hundred Fifty One (251) countries  

Continents:  All Five 5 continents

Notes:   Derived from traditional Team Basketball (invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith - Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.), 3x3 Basketball- also called “Streetball” or “Street Basketball” is the largest urban team sport in the world.  A form of Basketball played by Three (3) Players on each Team (Six (6) Total) and One (1) Basketball Hoop- and ½ of a traditional sized court, 3x3 Basketball is noted to have always been played since Basketball was invented- although in a less formal way than recent years.   The first large 3x3 Basketball competition was launched in 1989 by the USA based organization Hoop It Up, with various similar 3x3 Basketball competitions being held around the world.  Basketball’s international governing body, Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA), tested 3x3 Basketball at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games in Macau, with further tests in Dominican Republic (April 2008) and Indonesia (October 2008); and entered the Sport into the 2009 Asian Youth Games and the 2010 Summer Youth Olympic Games- both held in Singapore. 

Rules:   Please reference the respective league’s 3x3 Basketball rules and regulations- for details

Rules Brief Description:   A game consists of the following:

·         Two (2) teams of Three (3) players – and One (1) Substitute Player each on half-Basketball court with One (1) Basketball Basket (a “Hoop” or “Basket”) and a traditional basketball style “Arc” marked on the floor - Six (6) players total on the court at one time

·         Following traditional basketball rule play of “Dribbling”, Passing and Shooting, the objective is to shoot a ball through the Hoop or Basket - mounted to a “Back Board

·         Shots made inside the Arc is One (1) Point, outside the Arc is Two (2) Points.  There is a “Shot Clock” of Twelve (12) Seconds

·         Team possession is determined by the flip of a coin- the winning team of the coin toss can select to start on Offense or Defense, and simply begins play outside the Arc

·         Total time of play per game is Ten (10) Minutes or “Sudden Death” when a winning team reaches Twenty One (21) points first, but must win by Two (2) or more points 

·         If in a “Tie” / the same score at the end of Ten (10) Minutes, there is a break, and “Overtime” continues until the winning team reaches Two (2) Points higher than its opposing team 

·         The team with the most points at the end of the game wins  

·         3x3 Basketball is played both indoors and outdoors on a variety of surfaces, including but not limited to a wood court surface, rubberized surface, “blacktop” surface and/or concrete surfaces

Cheerleading Opportunities:   

Note(a):  All Cheerleading and Cheerdance activities must follow the International Cheer Union rules and guidelines, as well as ICU safety guidelines adjustments for game environmental factors, including but not limited to-  varied performance surfaces, varied performance dimensions (horizontal and vertical performances areas), potential game obstructions (e.g. camera people, etc.), lighting and weather (if outdoors)  

Note(b):   Use of Native language and local culture is encouraged, as well as use of signs, poms and megaphones highlighting key words- such as the Team Name (or Nation- for a National Teams), Team Colors, Team Mascot (if applicable) – and use traditional chants / cheers of the team (or Nation for National Teams) to enhance the game environment.  For more helpful information on game skill development, please contact the ICU atinfo@cheerunion.org for further details 

1.      Pre-Game (before the game starts):  Performing skills, a routine to music- and/or leading the crowd in chants or cheers (on the ground- or in a skill)

2.      3x3 Basketball Game-specific Cheerleading opportunities:  

a.      Team / Player introductions (if applicable).  The  Cheerleaders can be in position on the court / within the court area to performing skills, or movement, as players or the team is introduced.  For more formal games (e.g. Semi-Finals & Finals), the Cheerleaders can create “tunnel” on the court – with two (2) lines of cheerleaders facing each other- for the basketball players to run through once their name is announced.  Upon each basketball player introduction- the Cheerleaders perform skills- or a movement as each player runs through.  The idea is to create great excitement for Cheerleader’s team before the game begins

b.      Start of the Game.  Following the coin toss, as the first (1st) play is about to begin, Cheerleaders perform skills and make noise with the crowd –highlighting the moment when the game begins.  The idea is to create great excitement for the start of the game

3.      During Play:  Performing quick skills, a routine to music- and/or leading the crowd in chants or cheers (on the ground- or in a skill)

4.      Between Plays:  Following each Basket, an estimated Five (5) seconds to perform a quick skill, chants or cheers with the crowd- depending on the game momentum

5.      Following Free Throw (if your team scores)s:  an estimated Five (5) seconds to perform a traditional quick skill, chants or cheers with the crowd- to celebrate the point

6.      Time-out:  An estimated ten-thirty (10-30) seconds (depending on the league) to performing skills, a routine to music- and/or leading the crowd in chants or cheers (on the ground- or in a skill)

Note:  During a 3x3 Basketball injury time-out (e.g. an injury on the court), the Cheerleaders and Pom Team must kneel on the field and remain in silence until the officials signal for the game to resume

7.      Post-Game (following the Game): Performing skills, a routine to music- and/or leading the crowd in chants or cheers (on the ground- or in a skill).  Excellent opportunity to celebrate if your team wins

(Note:  Good sportsmanship is critical for all Cheerleading athletes- to opposing fans, team members or opposing cheerleaders)

1898

Birth of Cheerleading

As a result, the University of Minnesota “pep club” students developed a new plan to further involve their crowd in order to win their final game on 2 November 1898 versus Northwestern University.   As later quoted in the 12 November 1898 edition of the University of Minnesota student publication “Ariel”:

“The following were nominated to lead the Yelling today: Jack (sic) Campbell, F.G Kotlaba, M.J. Luby, Albert Armstrong of the Academics, Wickersham of the Laws; and the Litzenverg of the Medics.  These men would see to it that everybody leaves the park today breathless and voiceless, as this is the last game here, it ought to be a revelation to the people of Minnesota in regard to University enthusiasm.”

One of these nominated students previously mentioned,  Jack “Johnny” Campbell, takes the credit as the very first of these “yell leaders” to pick up a megaphone, jump onto the sports field, and lead the crowd with the already popular university organized cheer:  “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-U-Mah! Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Minn-e-so-tah!”   With much credit attributed to Johnny Campbell and his “yell leaders” abilities to motivate the crowd & their American football team, Minnesota won the game 17-6 and cheerleading was born.

Based on the success of Johnny Campbell and his fellow students at the University of Minnesota, cheerleading continued to grow and develop alongside the popularity of sports over the next coming years.   As cheerleading continued to grow in participation, new techniques and skills were also added, and cheerleading would continue to refine itself into its current form.

Meanwhile, the sport of Basketball , invented 7 years earlier in Springfield, Massachusetts USA (1891) by Dr. James Naismith as a means to further promote indoor youth fitness during the cold northeastern USA winter months, would also grow in popularity as well as become a major indoor sports environment in which cheerleading would further develop and prosper.  Many of the following developments were incorporated on the sidelines of both Basketball (indoor) as well as American Football (primarily outdoor) games over the next 100 years.

1923-1948

Women become the majority of Cheer athletes; new skills and techniques added

For its first 25 years cheerleading was a “male only” activity.  It wasn’t until 1923 that the University of Minnesota introduced the first women cheerleaders at their sporting games.  Although women continued to participate as cheerleaders in various parts of the USA after 1923, it wasn’t until the 1940s that women became the majority of cheerleading’s athletes during an era when the university men students left the country to fight in World War II.  Today, women comprise of more than 90% of the world’s cheerleaders. 

Additionally, the 1920’s witnessed cheerleaders adding enhanced techniques and skills to improve their ability to lead and energize the crowd at games, witnessing the addition of various athletic skills, some tumbling, fight song team dances with traditional “motions” (arm movements), and acrobatics to their routines.   A cheerleader at the University of Oregon (Northwest USA) introduced “flashcards” (now called “signs”) for the first time to increase crowd participation at their sporting events.

1948

 Introduction of cheerleading training camps; expansion of cheerleading begins

After beginning his cheerleading career at North Dallas High School and later Southern Methodist University (Texas), Lawrence “Herkie” Herkimer was requested to introduce a “cheerleading clinic” in the state of Texas at Sam Houston State Teacher’s College (now “Sam Houston State University”) in 1948.  An immediate success to those interested in cheerleading,  Herkie went on to develop his signature “Herkie” jump, the spirit stick, the “pom pon” (also called “shakeroos” in that time), all important elements in cheerleading  to this day.  Separate cheerleading pom pon teams (also termed “Cheerdance”) are also trained by Herkimer and begin to develop on sport sidelines around the United States as an added entertainment and game leadership component of cheerleading. 

1961

 National Cheerleaders Association (NCA); hundreds of thousands of cheerleaders trained

By the 1960s, cheerleading could be found in virtually every high school and grade school across the USA, as well as pee wee and youth leagues everywhere in the country.   In 1961, Herkimer incorporated the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) and conducted cheerleading camps, and clinics to hundreds of thousands of cheerleaders all around the United States.   With these innovations and the creation NCA, cheerleading had become one of the fastest growing youth activities in the United States.

1974

National Cheerleaders Association (NCA); hundreds of thousands of cheerleaders trained

In 1974, the former General Manager and Vice President of NCA, Jeff Webb, founded the Universal Cheerleaders Association (UCA) to teach higher levels of skills to cheerleaders around the United States.   Cheerleading specific skills (partner stunts & pyramids) were introduced to make cheerleading more entertaining, thus augmenting cheerleading’s traditional leadership function; a new era of cheerleading begins. 

These advanced skills are first introduced in the Southern & Central United States, and the new style spreads rapidly across the United States.   United States former cheerleaders and coaches trained on the enhanced style begin to introduce cheerleading while traveling in various parts of the world over the next decade.

1975

UCA combines cheerleading skills with music, birth of the “cheerleading routine”

In July 1975, Jeff Webb’s UCA College Spirit Camp Instructors opened their university cheerleader training camp held at Memphis State University (now, University of Memphis) in Tennessee (South Central USA) with a demonstration of cheerleading skills incorporating music; the “cheerleading routine” is born.

1982

UCA hosts the 1st Cheerleading National Championship held on ESPN; syndication begins

As a method to accommodate the thousands of requests for the new style of cheerleading, Jeff Webb places cheerleading on a new sports television network called the “Entertainment Sports Programming Network” or “ESPN”. This begins 30 years of highlighting cheerleading on television; an introduction of Jeff Webb’s modern cheerleading not only all parts of the USA, but also the world.

Based on syndicated programming of cheerleading national championships,  music videos,  and sporting events, cheerleading begins to further develop over the next few years in Canada, Great Britain, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Finland to name a few.

1987

Cheerleading safety standards published:  American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Administrators (AACCA) is formed; establishing the safety standard for cheerleading, and begins to become duplicated globally

With the rapid growth of cheerleading, Jeff Webb’s organization directs the development of a new non-profit entity called “American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Administrators” (AACCA) to teach, as well as safety test cheerleading coaches around the USA, and eventually the world.   It quickly becomes the standard for cheerleading safety in the USA, and begins to become duplicated globally in the promotion of cheerleading safety.

1988

UCA introduces cheerleading in Japan

Through business sports contacts in the United States, Japanese businessmen ask UCA and Jeff Webb to introduce cheerleading to the youth of Japan, and UCA Japan is born. Over the next 15 years, UCA operates training camps throughout Japan, and assists in the development of Japan’s cheerleading competitions. Japan cheerleading begins, the first organized training camps in Asia.

1989

 UCA introduces parade cheerleading performances in the United Kingdom

Although cheerleading recently is started in the United Kingdom, UCA also decides to send USA cheerleaders each year to participate in the 1 January 1989 London New Year’s Day Parade providing a promotional platform for modern day cheerleading.  Over the next 20+ years, over 1,000 cheerleaders from the USA, and also around the world continue to participate at this annual historical event before thousands of views in London’s streets.

1990

USA School Cheerleading reaches 1.7 million athletes;  non-school Cheerleading Programs termed “All Star” begin to develop around United States

By 1990, school cheerleading reaches 1.7 million athletes in the USA (source: National Federation of High School Associations); additionally, due to its popularity and overflow of interested athletes, non-school based organizations begin to offer cheer programs.  Although initially started in the late 1980’s, the 1990’s see the beginning of non-school based cheerleading called “All Star”.

1991

Event based sports begin to flourish throughout Europe, as well as the need for game cheerleading; European advancement of modern day cheerleading accelerates

Event based sports (American Football, Basketball and Handball, etc) begin to flourish throughout Europe, as well as the need for game cheerleading.  Interest in modern cheerleading at games begins to accelerate throughout the continent.   Throughout the 1990’s (started in the 1980s), various educational clinics are conducted in Europe; National Cheer Federations also begin to develop quickly internally in support of the growing interest of young European athletes.

1992

UCA introduces cheerleading performances in Austria and France, NCA in Ireland

UCA sends USA cheerleaders to participate in the 1992 Paris New Years Day Celebration, and also the 1992 Vienna New Years Day Celebration introducing cheerleading to France & Austria for the very first time.  NCA sends USA cheerleaders to Ireland’s St. Patrick’s Day Celebration in Dublin, Ireland the very same year.   Both Paris and Dublin events will continue over the next 2 decades.

1994

UCA introduces cheerleading in Chile (Cheer Chile); South America & Caribbean Cheerleading begins

Cheerleading enthusiasts in the country of Chile, Rodrigo Anguita and Irma Olvares Cea, ask Jeff Webb & UCA to introduce modern cheerleading to their home county of Chile, the first in the continent of South America.   Over the next 16 years, their new organization “Cheer Chile” and UCA train thousands of cheerleaders throughout the country, and it begins to spread throughout the continent.

As syndication of the UCA National Cheerleading Championships on ESPN is shown around the Americas, and the world, cheerleading also begins to accelerate further interest in Costa Rica, Mexico, Canada, and Puerto Rico to name a few.

In the same year, the Universidad of Puerto Rico Bayamon sends 2 athletes to attend UCA College camp introducing cheerleading to Puerto Rico and the Caribbean.

1995

First International Cheerleading Performances (Japan & Chile), Walt Disney World Resort

For the first time, cheerleading teams from Japan and Chile perform at the UCA United States College National Championship in January 1995.

Over the next years, as also with the development of All Star cheerleading, International Cheerleading teams begin traveling to various countries participating in World competition.

1996

Cheerleading participates in the Opening Ceremonies of the XXVI Olympiad

Cheerleading participates in the Opening Ceremonies of the XXVI Olympiad, the 1996 Summer Olympic Games held in Atlanta, Georgia, USA;  further introducing Cheerleading to the world.  Future Olympiads would witness participation of Cheerleading at its various sport events.

1999

UCA introduces parade cheerleading performances in Australia, cheerleading clinics & competitions continue to flourish around the world

UCA sends USA cheerleaders to participate in the newly formed 1999 Easter Day Parade held in Sidney, Australia; the first introduction of cheerleading to Australia and the Oceania Continent.

Cheerleading clinics, national competitions, continental events continue in Sweden, Finland, Great Britain, Germany, Chinese Taipei, Japan, Russia, Mexico, Canada, and various parts of the world.

2003:  Largest United States Cheerleading organizations form & register the not-for-profit entity the “United States All Star Federation (USASF)” and also the “International All Star Federation (IASF)” to support international club cheerleading & the World Cheerleading Club Championships.

As international cheerleading continues to grow (school, university, club/all star), the United States All Star Federation (USASF) International All Star Federation (IASF) form & register a not-for-profit federation to support the growth of world club cheerleading.

2004

The USASF/IASF hosts the 1st World Cheerleading Championships

The USASF/ IASF host the 1st World Cheerleading Championships or “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast; 14 of the top selected World Teams compete for a World Championship title.

2005

The USASF/IASF hosts the 2nd World Cheerleading Championships

USASF/IASF host the 2nd World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast;  3 nations, 3 continents, 100 world teams compete for the World Championship title;  15 countries , 4 continents observe the championship and hold 1st Annual General meeting.

2006

The USASF/IASF hosts the 3rd World Cheerleading Championships

USASF/IASF host the 3rd World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast; 15 nations, 4 continents, 150 world teams compete for a World Championship title:   17 countries, 5 continents observe and hold 2nd Annual General meeting.

November 2006:  ICU directors conduct cheerleading training camps throughout the People’s Republic of China, and assist with 1st televised China Cheerleading National Championships held in Wuhan, PRC. ICU training courses continue annually throughout the country.

2007

The USASF/IASF hosts the 4th World Cheerleading Championships

April 2007:  USASF/IASF host the 4th World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast; 19 nations, 4 continents, 200 world teams compete for a World Championship title;  19 countries, 4 continents observe and hold 3rdAnnual General meeting. 

July 2007:  1st Panamerican meeting held in Memphis, Tennessee with 9 Panamerican Nations in attendance.

September 2007:   The IASF National Federation membership (19 nations) also forms the International Cheer Union (“ICU”) as an additional 501 (c ) not-for-profit organization to enhance efforts in supporting national federation & continental confederation development,  World Championships for national teams, world recognition efforts by international sports authorities, and to support the safe development of cheerleading around the world.

September 2007:   Along with many other developing national federations, the Unites States Federation for Sport Cheering (“USA Cheer”) is registered as a not-for-profit 501 (c ) organization as the National Governing body for Cheer in the USA. 

International Cheer Union grows from 19 to 35 member federations.

2008

The IASF/ICU hosts the 5th World Cheerleading Championships, ICU submits provisional documents to the International Olympic Committee, ICU training continues around the world

January 2008: The ICU holds its first European meeting in Orlando, Florida;  19 European Nations attend.

April 2008:  IASF/ICU host the 5th World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast;  25 nations, 4 continents, 300 world teams  compete for a world championship title;  29 countries, 5 continents  observe and hold 4th Annual  General  Meeting.

July 2008:  International Cheer Union holds its first coaches and athlete training on the Africa continent in Kampala, Uganda for the ICU NF Uganda Cheerleading Association.   ICU training sessions in Africa continue over the coming years.

September 2008:  International Cheer Union holds first European Coaches Training in Berlin, Germany. Over 100 coaches from 15 countries attend certification.  ICU European Coaches Training Course becomes an annual event.

September 2008:  International Cheer Union grows to 50 member federations; submits its provisional membership application to the International Olympic Committee.

November 2008: International Cheer Union conducts for ICU Judges Course in Helsinki, Finland.  Judges training will reach over 25 countries within the year.

December 2008: International Cheer Union holds first Southeast Asia/Pacific Training in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia; over 80 coaches from 12 countries attend certification.  ICU Southeast Asia/Pacific Training Course becomes an annual event.

December 2008:  International Cheer Union grows to 56 member federations.

2009

The IASF/ICU hosts the 6th World Cheerleading Championships;  National Team divisions  judged by ICU trained judges panel representing 25 countries;  ICU submits formal SportAccord application for membership

April  2009:  IASF/ICU host the 6th World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast;  38 nations,  4 continents, 400 world teams  compete for a world championship title;  45 countries,  5 continents  observe and hold 5th  Annual  General  Meeting.

April 2009:  1st Asia, Oceania Continental Meeting is held in Orlando, Florida. 10 Asia/Oceania Nations in attendance.

May 2009:  ICU hosts 2009 Eastern European Cheerleading Open in Moscow, Russia. 5 Eastern European Federations and athletes participate in the event.

July 2009:  2nd Panamerican National Annual meeting, Panama City, Panama; 22 Panamerican Nations in attendance.

August 2009:   ICU grows to 76 member federations; submits its formal membership application to GAISF / SportAccord.

September 2009:  ICU hosts first ICU European Open at Disneyland Paris, 17 nations, 1,500 cheerleaders compete for European Open title;  ICU hosts 2nd ICU European coaches conference at Disneyland Paris.

October 2009:  ICU hosts first ICU Caribbean Coaches Training in Port of Spain, Republic of Trinidad & Tobago; to become annual program.

November 2009:  International Cheer Union Anti-Doping Code is accepted by the World Anti-Doping Agency for Cheer.

December 2009:  To date, the International Cheer Union has conducted judges, coaches, and athlete training in 75 countries on 5 continents around the world.

International Cheer Union grows to 79 member federations; cheerleading participation reaches 3.5 million athletes throughout 79 countries around the world.  (source:  NFHS, IASF, NFs)

2010

The IASF/ICU hosts the 7th World Cheerleading Championships; ICU Continental Regional Meetings Conducted, as well as 6th AGM; ICU presents at the 44th SportAccord General Assembly in Dubai; ICU submits formal application for IOC recognition

April  2010:  IASF/ICU host the 7st World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast, April 2010: 60 countries,  5 continents hold 6th Annual  General  Meeting.

April 2010:  ICU Continental and regional meetings are conducted for the following:

  • Panamerica. Continental Regions: South America, Central America/ the Caribbean, North America.
  • Asia & Oceania. Continental Regions: North Asia, Southeast Asia & Oceania.
  • Europe & Africa:  Continental Regions: Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa.

April 2010:  The International Cheer Union presents the Sport of Cheer to executives from over 100 international sports federations and organizations at the 44th SportAccord General Assembly in Dubai

ICU agrees to postpone the SportAccord vote until further discussions ensue with the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) to further define the 2 sports.

December 2010:  ICU submits formal application for IOC recognition.

International Cheer Union grows from 79 to 95 member federations.

2011

The ICU hosts the 8th World Cheerleading Championships; ICU Continental Regional Meetings Conducted, as well as 7th AGM; ICU receives Positive recommendation from the SportAccord Council

March 2011:  Cheerleading Association Singapore (CAS) hosts the 1st ICU Southeast Asia Cheerleading Open- welcoming 8 nations throughout the region.

April 2011:  ICU postpones SportAccord vote in pursuit of further discussions with Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG).

April  2011:  IASF/ICU host the 8st World Cheerleading Championships “Cheerleading Worlds” at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the ESPN global broadcast, April 2011: 65 countries,  5 continents hold 7th Annual  General Meeting.

April 2011:  ICU Continental and regional meetings are conducted for the following:

  • Panamerica. Continental Regions:  South America, Central America/ the Caribbean, North America.
  • Asia & Oceania. Continental Regions:   North Asia, Southeast Asia & Oceania.
  • Europe & Africa:  Continental Regions:   Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa.

July 2011:  ICU’s European Confederation, European Cheer Union (ECU) hosts the first ECU European Championships in Prague, Czech Republic- welcoming 1,500 athletes from 18 European Nations.

December 2011:  ICU hosts the 1st Caribbean Cheerleading Open in Bridgetown, Barbados welcoming 200 cheerleaders from Jamaica, and Barbados in development of the region.

December 2011:  Official US Annual safety report lists Cheer as one of the safest sports, second only to swimming.

International Cheer Union grows from 95 to 101 member federations.

2012

The ICU hosts the 9th World Cheerleading Championships; ICU Continental Regional Meetings Conducted, as well as 78h AGM; FIG, ICU and SportAccord Sign Trilateral Agreement;  ICU receives Positive recommendation from the SportAccord Council

March 2012:  Cheerleading Association Singapore (CAS) hosts the 2st ICU Southeast Asia Cheerleading Open- welcoming 12 nations throughout the region.

April  2012:  ICU host the 9st World Cheerleading Championships /Cheerleading Worlds at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the CBS Sports Network (National Teams) and ESPN global broadcast (Club Teams), April 2012: 70 countries,  5 continents hold 8th Annual  General  Meeting.

April 2012:  ICU General Assembly adopts SportAccord recommended statutes

April 2012:  ICU Continental and regional meetings are conducted for the following:

  • Panamerica. Continental Regions:  South America, Central America/ the Caribbean, North America.
  • Asia & Oceania. Continental Regions:   North Asia, Southeast Asia & Oceania.
  • Europe & Africa:  Continental Regions:   Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa.

May 2012:  ICU actively promotes the Sport of Cheer at its exhibition stand to hundreds of international sport leaders at the SportAccord Convention in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

May 2012:  FIG announces to the 46th Statutory SportAccord General Assembly that an agreement is anticipated for completion with ICU in August 2012.   ICU postpones SportAccord vote in in agreement with Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG).

July 2012:  ICU’s European Confederation, European Cheer Union (ECU) hosts the 2nd  ECU European Championships in Amsterdam, The Netherlands- welcoming 2,000 athletes from 18 European Nations.

August 2012: FIG, ICU and SportAccord sign trilateral agreement of terms and conditions which FIG supports the principle for the admission of ICU into SportAccord.

September 2012:  ICU’s Japan Federation “Cheer Japan” hosts the 1st Asia Cheerleading Open in Tokyo, Japan- welcoming 1,200 athletes from 12 nations.

International Cheer Union grows from 101 to 103 member federations.

2013

The ICU hosts the 10th World Cheerleading Championships; ICU Continental Regional Meetings Conducted, as well as 88h AGM; ICU admitted as the 109th member of SportAccord

March 2013:  ICU becomes a proud member of The Association For International Sports For All (TAFISA) in promotion of developing active lifestyles for the world’s youth.

March 2013:  Cheerleading Association Singapore (CAS) hosts the 3st ICU Southeast Asia Cheerleading Open- welcoming 12 nations throughout the region.

April 2013:  ICU hosts the 910t World Cheerleading Championships /Cheerleading Worlds at the Walt Disney World Resort taped for the CBS Sports Network (National Teams) and ESPN global broadcast (Club Teams), April 2012: 70 countries, 5 continents hold 9th Annual  General  Meeting.

April 2013:  ICU Continental and regional meetings are conducted for the following:

  •     Panamerica. Continental Regions:  South America, Central America/ the Caribbean, North America.
  •     Asia & Oceania. Continental Regions:   North Asia, Southeast Asia & Oceania.
  •     Europe & Africa:  Continental Regions:   Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa.

May 2013:  SportAccord’s 47th Statutory General Assembly admits ICU and the Sport of Cheer as its 109th member of SportAccord .   ICU officially becomes the recognized world governing body for the Sport of Cheer around the world.

July 2013:  ICU’s European Confederation, European Cheer Union (ECU) hosts the 3rd  ECU European Championships in Glasgow, Scotland’s Commonwealth Arena- welcoming 2,000 athletes from 20 European Nations.

July 2013:  ICU judges, coach and athletes and national federation education to over 90 nations on all continents to date.

International Cheer Union grows from 103 to 105 member federations.